In the old days, a person with acne was told to use Clearasil and avoid greasy foods. Such self-care may help with the milder forms of acne, but the more severe types usually need acne therapy.
Types of Acne
There are three major types of acne, with comedonal acne being the mildest and most common type. In this condition, excess oil and dead skin cells block the pores. The resulting blemishes are called comedones, which are less formally known as whiteheads and blackheads.
Inflammatory acne develops when the comedones get inflamed or infected. The resultant infection causes them to become papules and/or pustules. Both appear red and swollen, and pustules also contain pus while papules do not. Inflammatory acne is more common in women and girls and tends to be triggered by hormonal changes like those associated with menopause and puberty.
Cystic acne is the most severe type. It is also caused by an infection that causes the blemishes to develop into nodules or cysts that occur deep within the skin. Both nodules and cysts are large, red and painful. Cysts contain pus and, thus, feel soft and squishy, while nodules do not have pus and, therefore, feel hard. Cystic acne is most common in young men and teenage boys and tends to develop on the chest and back. The condition can persist for months and leave scars if it isn’t treated with acne therapy. A susceptibility to cystic acne runs in families.
How is Acne Treated?
The form of treatment will depend on the type of acne, amongst other things. The milder forms of comedonal and inflammatory acne can often be treated with certain types of medications. Most mild cases of comedonal and inflammatory acne respond to skin gels and creams, most of which contain retinoids that work by unblocking the skin’s pores. In cases of inflammatory acne, our team may also prescribe an antibiotic to kill the bacteria causing the infection.
Patients with cystic acne or very severe inflammatory acne may benefit from light-based treatments. In photodynamic therapy, the specialist applies a medication to the patient’s skin and then uses a special light to activate it. The treatment both kills the bacteria and makes the oil glands smaller and less active.
Acne therapy at Delta Laser and Skin Care Centre has the potential to give you smooth, blemish-free skin. Schedule a consultation at our office in Delta or Burnaby so that your condition can be evaluated and a treatment can be created. Contact us today to book an appointment!